Tuesday, 29 October 2013

Discovery of a new species of nectar-feeding bat from Brazil’s Atlantic Forest reveals another critically endangered Brazilian Cerrado species

Original species even more Endangered now new species has been recognised

October 2013. Bats of the genus Lonchophylla (Phyllostomidae, Lonchophyllinae) comprise Neotropical nectar-feeding species characterized by elongated skulls with long muzzles and long, extensible tongues. Most species are distributed from Peru northward along or adjacent to the Andes, with only three species-L. bokermanni, L. dekeyseri and L. mordax-occurring along the South American east coast.

A new study focused on L. bokermanni has revealed Atlantic Forest populations as a distinct and new species whose authors named Lonchophylla peracchii (in honour of the Brazilian bat researcher Adriano Lúcio Peracchi).

Brazil's Atlantic Forest
This new species occurs along 500 kilometres of Atlantic Forest in south-eastern Brazil, covering different habitat types-including continental islands, evergreen to successional forests, and pioneer formations. Due to habitat requirements (including climate and vegetation) the authors of the study expect new records for the Atlantic Forest of south-eastern and north-eastern Brazil (expanding the distribution to ca. 1000-1500 km).

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