Tuesday, 6 March 2012

Forest corridors must be created to protect Proboscis monkeys

Researchers predict decline in proboscis monkey population 
February 2012. Cardiff University researchers and conservationists in Sabah have shown that proboscis monkey populations throughout Borneo will continue to decline if nothing is done to stop their habitat degradation.

Proboscis monkey habitat
Proboscis monkeys are mainly confined to peat and freshwater swamp forests, mangrove forests, and lowland dipterocarp (riverine) forests, habitats which are the most threatened in Borneo because of logging and conversion of land for agriculture.
Proboscis monkeys
Proboscis monkeys are one of the most distinctive looking primates on the planet, having the longest noses of all primates. In Sabah, only 15% of proboscis monkey groups are in fully protected areas. The remaining populations are divided between those residing outside of the reserve network completely or those within partially protected forest reserves, where different levels of extraction are permitted.
Major threats
The study looked at different scenarios to determine their influence on the declining population trends of three populations, two in Kalimantan and one in Sabah. The Sabah population was the Lower Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary. The conservation strategies evaluated in the study were: (1) eliminating hunting; (2) eliminating fires; (3) eliminating deforestation; (4) reducing deforestation; (5) implementing reforestation programs and (6) reconnecting sub-populations.

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