Sunday, 12 July 2015

Bats Are Acoustically Attracted to Mutualistic Carnivorous Plants

•A carnivorous plant features an ultrasound reflector attractive for mutualistic bats
•This reflector enables the bats to easily find and identify the plant’s pitchers
•The bats fertilize these Paleotropical plants with feces in exchange for roosts
•Such reflectors were convergently acquired in Neotropical bat-pollinated plants

Mutualisms between plants and animals shape the world’s ecosystems [ 1, 2 ]. In such interactions, achieving contact with the partner species is imperative. Plants regularly advertise themselves with signals that specifically appeal to the partner’s perceptual preferences [ 3–5 ]. For example, many plants have acquired traits such as brightly colored, fragrant flowers that attract pollinators with visual, olfactory, or—in the case of a few bat-pollinated flowers—even acoustic stimuli in the form of echo-reflecting structures [ 6–9 ].

Michael G. Schöner
Caroline R. Schöner
Ralph Simon
T. Ulmar Grafe,
Sébastien J. Puechmaille,
Liaw Lin Ji,
Gerald Kerth
4Co-first author

No comments:

Post a Comment

You only need to enter your comment once! Comments will appear once they have been moderated. This is so as to stop the would-be comedian who has been spamming the comments here with inane and often offensive remarks. You know who you are!

Related Posts with Thumbnails