Wednesday, 8 October 2014

Back off: Female chimps stressed out by competing suitors

Being the center of attention can have its drawbacks. For female chimpanzees, being around too many rowdy males is disadvantageous when foraging for food, an effect that can ultimately interfere with her reproductive ability. These are some of the findings of an 11-year-long study of wild East African chimpanzees in Uganda, led by Melissa Emery Thompson of the University of New Mexico in the US. It is published in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Female chimpanzees have an exceedingly slow reproductive schedule, and only give birth every five to seven years. When ready to reproduce, females display very large swellings of their genitals and often do so for several months before conceiving. Male chimpanzees compete quite fiercely – and in great numbers – for the attention of the rare female who might bear their offspring. The contested female may have little choice than to tolerate the attentions of these would-be suitors, as mating with many males ensures that their young are not killed by jealous males. However, all this harassment and jealous guarding by males can influence the ability of females to feed. Some females, such as those with young infants, can avoid this chaos, but only if there is high-quality food to be found elsewhere.

Emery Thompson and her team spent more than 11 years observing the daily interactions and diets of 50 members of the Kanyawara community of East African chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) in the Kibale National Park in Uganda. In the process, they collected urine samples from at least 25 females, either by capturing falling urine with a plastic bag or by pipetting urine from plants.

No comments:

Post a Comment

You only need to enter your comment once! Comments will appear once they have been moderated. This is so as to stop the would-be comedian who has been spamming the comments here with inane and often offensive remarks. You know who you are!

Related Posts with Thumbnails